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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  September 5, 2015 10:00am-10:31am EDT

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♪ >> the united arab emirates declares three days of national morning for soldiers killed in yemen. drought in ethiopia, millions of people could need food aid. cartoons encouraging the young t in senegal.
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from lesbos to luxembourg, europe is grappling with the greatest refugee crisis since second world war. nearly every country on the continent is affected. trains carrying refugees arrived in munich, they expect up to 10,000 people in the coming hours. us three i can't said it will not use force to stop thousands of refugees coming in from hungary. long lines of people many carrying small children, and thousands are walking from the budapest train station over 150 kilometers to the border. further east in macedonia more refugees are making the same journey, hoping that they'll
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reach safety and the chance of a better life. in greece, desperate people putting their lives at risk on rubber dinghies. there are now 25,000 refugees on the island of lesbos. the authorities are simply overwhelmed. let's go to the austrian side of the border with hungary. mohammed, tell us what you've been seeing. >> jane, it just started raining here, which adds another layer of misery for the refugee who is are walking so many kilometers to try to reach borders in various parts of this country. it's gotten colder in the last few hours. we're on the border with austria. we crossed over into austria, about a half hour ago with a syrian refugee family that had
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come from homs, syria. they've been appalled at the treatment they've sustained the last few days in hungary. they're happy now to be in austria. the conditions are slightly better for the refugees. the refugees we saw crossing over by foot. they were welcomed by aid workers. they had food and water available to them. there are charities and aid workers and members of ngos that are distributing supplies, clothing, blankets, sweaters, shoes even, for the refugees who have walked so far to get here. yet, still there are much more on the way. now there have been 6,500 at least 6500 refugee who is have crossed over from hungary into austria today. the refugees were boarding buses. we saw dozens getting ton bus who is are now going tousle to valleysberg or vienna.
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they say they're determined to get to germany by answer means necessary. the fact that there are so many refugees trying to get to a border, especially trying to get to the austrian border under scores how perilous, arduous this journey has been for them this entire time. >> they're just happy to get out of hungary, according to the prime minister, and hungary happy to see them go. >> well, absolutely. the hungarian prime minister has been defiant in the wake of so much criticism from the international community, from leaders of the e.u. he has said on many occasion that they don't want these refugees here. it is still unclear why this turnabout came today, but they did provide buses and many of the refugees that we spoke with throughout the day along the way said that they were happy that hungary finally was helping them at least to reach borders and get them across to other
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countries. so many of the refugees that i've spoken with over the past few days say they never could have imagined being treated this way in hungary. and they asked repeatedly if the prime minister does not want them here, why doesn't he let them go. those who have crossed over into use tree i can't say--austria say that they're glad to get out of hungary and they are close to reaching the life they want. >> 25,000 refugees on the greek island of lesbos. more people arrive every day. hundreds, sometimes thousands of refugees land on the shores of lesbos every day. they arrive on overcrowded boats from turkey. the majority are syrians. often entire families are on the move. they're stressed and tired.
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>> i didn't want to leave, but these are my children. they stopped going to school in university. there is no more life. only fear. we had no choice. >> a few meters away another boat on the horizon. and another and one more. this rubber dinghy's engine was broken, so they were adrift. we could hear them scream and shout for help. and for a moment there is an outburst of joy. but there is also so much anxiety. in a faint voice she says, i'm scared. no one cares about us. >> we have no value any more. we have to come as a commodity. people make money off our back. we're a trading commodity. >> the entire northeast coast of this island looks like this now, pile after pile of life jackets discarded by the refugees as soon as they touch land.
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there are some personal belongings, a tiny little life jacket one can just imagine the baby on board. and then here is the rubber dinghy this came across with. the first thing that the refugees do is puncture it because they're afraid of being sent back to turkey. but actually no one is here. >> they walk and walk. >> i was expecting the police to help us out for at least the first night. we don't have food or water. i never thought my life would turn out this way. there is no way to reach europe except smuggling. >> it is too exhausting for these two boys. they fled idlib because their parents could in the guarantee their safety. >> i tell them that we're traveling to have a better life, but i never thought it would be
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so hard. if i had known i would have stayed in syria under the bombs, it was less humiliating. but now it's too late. >> no one knows how many people are here in lesbos. the mayor estimates 25,000 people. the island cannot cope any more and have asked for emergency funding. there is a backlog of people at the port. it's a long process. tensions often flare, and for new arrivals their only option is to wait their turn for their journey across europe. >> tens of thousands of people are on the move across europe, politicians have made in luxembourg the european union has so far shown itself to be incapable of a response. they said its time for action and sol dare. >> i there is not an emergency. it's an urgency that we're
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facing. it is not something that starts that day and finishes that day. it is here to stay. the sooner we accept it, accept it psychologically and politically, the sooner we will be table respond in an effective way and manage in an effective way. >> jacky rowland has this reported. >> . >> a number of eu ministers meeting in luxembourg acknowledge that the system to greet the asylum seekers does not work. in particular the rule governing asylum up until now, which is a refugee must register in the first country of entry is obviously not practical bearing in mind refugees are arriving in greece, italy and hungary but are heading towards germany. there are plans now to look at
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the way of creating an e.u.-wide asylum system whereby a refugee might register at that point of arrival, but that would not commit them of staying in that country. they would be matched up elsewhere in europe that could provide them with shelter and protection. but at the same time the e.u. would be looking as well at ways to identified people who they believe are not qualified to received asylum. and they would draw up a list of countries which they do not consider to be in status of war, people who are not being persecuted. if it is believed by e.u. officials that people have come to find work for economic reasons, they would not be granted asylum. how this would work needs to be worked up in more detail, and we're expected to hear from more european unions on this subject on the 14th of september in
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brussels. >> ten of its soldiers were also killed in yemen on friday. takes the total number of casualties to 60, 45 were from the u.a.e. they died after houthi fires missiles at the ammunition base. it's the biggest large of life that the gulf had had in decades. >> there are come land forces across some country. that provided some land systems that helped provide some sort of qualitative edge to the yemeni forces loyal to president hadi.
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these land forces were supporting the land operations. logistically, operationally as well as the firepower and special operations units. these were the back up forces that are helping the main yemeni armed forces along with the yemeni resistence that are battling at houthis and driving them back, approaching them from many of the cities and the towns from the south and now they're moving into the north. >> the united nations said that a drought in ethiopia means 4.5 million people could need food aid. and it could be a major problem for the economy. as agriculture generates half of the country's income. charles stratford reports. >> life was difficult enough for this family of nine even before
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the rains failed. this year he and millions of farmers like him across northern ethiopia will face an even tougher struggle to survive. >> there is nothing that we can do. we don't have enough crops to provide for our families. we're having to sell our cows to buy food, but the cows are sick because they don't have enough to eat. the only chance we have is selling belongings to keep our families alive. >> food organization broke the we will in the 1990s. it broke down six months ago and no one in the village knows how to repair it. ethiopia is heavily dependent on farmers. they account for large percentage of the gdp. this time last year he harvested
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enough for food for his family and pocket $3,000. this year he will get virtually nothing. >> a walk through the field of maize, these crops should be up to my shoulder. look at the size of this cobb. this by now should be around a foot long. these plants are dying. experts say that it doesn't matter how much it rains between now and the end of the season there is nothing that can be done to save them. meteorologists are blaming the drought on a weather phenom nan though generates thousands of miles away over the pacific ocean, el niño. in ethiopia el nino has brought dry trade winds, and experts warn the government.
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the rain going into september is very low as compared to other events. >> the government has allocated $35 million to deal with the crisis. the united nations said the drought could leave 4.5 million people needinged into aid this year. >> when we were informed about the problem, the federal got and regional state authorities started a program for the effected people. at this moment we have food and we're distributing it. >> around 20 million people live below the u.n. poverty line in ethiopia surviving on lest than $1.25 a day. many are farmers, and this year they'll need help from their government and foreign donors in order to survive. charles stratford, al jazeera. >> well ahead on al jazeera, a model of national unity. local tribes stood up to isil, and are now imputed in the wider
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fight.
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>> hello again. here are the headlines. the first train carrying refugees from hungary has arrived in southern germany. the police say they expect up to 10,000 people in the coming hours. in greece authorities in lesbos say that they're overwhelmed by the numbers of refugees arriving every day. there are 25,000 refugee there is, and the government should declare state of emergency. e.u. foreign ministers have
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discussed the refugee crisis. they say that europe needs to agree on a common response to the situation because it's not going to end any time soon. at least 30 iraqi soldiers have been killed in separate attacks by isil fighters. the assaults happened at military positions north and south of the city of ramadi. military forces say that 40 other iraqi soldiers from injured. pro government forces are trying to retake the city, which was seized by ill in may--by isil in may. >> for seven months besieged by isil fighters. it was the where they faced
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fierce resistence. the only one who stood up against isil in this corner of iraq. >> we had a difficult choice. if isil would have entered they would have destroyed everything, including our dignity. if we supported isil, then the government would take revenge against us. >> months later they became the army. they got official status after they signed up to show shia armed groups who operate under iraq's popular mobilization forces. >> sunni tribes in iraq do not speak in one voice. some have pledged allegiance to isil. others don't trust the government in baghdad because of its sectarian policies. and then there are those who don't like to be called government supporters, but at the same time they say they're not enemies of the state.
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for now the tribe has agreed to partner with the government. their unite, like other tribal forces, will secure their area once the national guard is created. some sunnies are worried about an already weak state. >> there knee to be a centralized authority. >> on the surface it seems that the government outreach to tribes is working here. but beyond this town's borders there is a reality that some fear. >> we need a civil state, not a religious state or tribal state. we should whether a proper army. each area has an army, and this is the first stone to divide iraq. >> the mistrust between the people and the government is still deep. many were members of saddam hussein's army who were not given a place in the new iraq,
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and they blame the government for pursuing a sectarian agenda. >> many living in iraq are sunnies. when we needed support to fight isil the government stepped in too late. >> the people here are proud that some of the men on the front lines who were other sects. a common enemy brought them together, but apart from hope there is little to suggest that this town will become a model for coexistence and national unity. al jazeera. >> the ruling party conservative justice and development party known as pjd has made big gains in the country's regional elections. as hashem ahelbarra reports. >> he is at the height of his political career.
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he was the leader of a small opposition party a few years ago. now it's one of the country's most popular and well run. >> we run an efficient government, the local councils we lead are the best. we're honest with the people. we told them about the problems we face. we asked them to help us. this is why the results were good go but for those the vote has been a disaster. the leader of the independence. he lost his seat and his party was dealt a humiliating defeat. he said that the votes were rigged. accusations dismissed by the pgd. >> the city is widely known for rigging votes. we're victims, and we know that. >> the main rivals may have no other options but to reinvent themselves in order to win the trust of the general electorate.
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>> it has what i call a symbolic capital. they have for the time being they're an alternative, and in the sense a number of the leaders are seen as close to the population and popular classes. >> they'll team up with allies to solve morocco's pressing problems, youth unemployment, poverty and corruption. >> we are ready to get into coalitions with our allies, and we'll make sure that people's living conditions will be improved. the results are a message that moroccans are fed up with mismanagement. >> for the time being moroccans will wait and see if the pgd can deliver on their promises, clamping down on corruption, and improving people's lives. the pgd has achieved what many
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parties fail to achieve in the past. it's in the government. it has control of the regions and local council. it's main goal is to win a majority of the parliament next year. if that happens, it will become th the biggest political bloc. >> denying corruption, he's accused of beal part of a scam in which importers paid bribes to avoid paying customs duty. the demonstrators are still angry that sunday's election has not been postponed. they say the represen candidates represent the old guard. >> we have elections in a few hours' time. this is an opportunity. as i said they cannot rest. they must keep the pressure on
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the politicians. the media must keep investigating and people must company them. if they go back to creep the corruption will return. it's a plague which infests everything. >> peter greste sentenced to jail by an egyptian court said he does not blame all of egypt for what has happened. mohamed fahmy, baher mohammed has been sentenced to serve three years behind bars. they're now back in jail. but peter greste was deported in february. >> i'm not critical of all of egypt. this is an egyptian ring. i wear it to remind myself that it's not egypt that put me in prison. it's a couple of judges who did it. it's their institutional flaws that did it. i'm trying to use these forums to remind egypt why these things
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matter. >> the indian government said it will implement an yell pension scheme for its armed forces. nearly three million ex-service men will get the same pension as south africa men of the same rank who are retiring now. veterans have been protesting for 80 days, many have been on hunger strike demanding that narendra modi fulfill a key promise of his election campai campaign. a passion for japanese comics continue to grow. their popularity are spreading across the world to some of the most unlikely places. we go to a comics store in senegal. >> the series features the fictional adventures of a young japanese girl living in
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hiroshima in the 19 30's before the bomb was dropped. >> i really like this book because of the adventure and drawings, and sometimes i see myself in the character. it's just fun. >> ithere is an increasing appetite for young readers for these stories. last year an avid reader of comics opened her house to the public. it is now a comic book library. >> i put a message up on facebook saying that people could come and borrow books. there was a sudden wave of inquiry, and the interest in reading just continues to grow. >> they come after school, on weekends, some have them home delivered. there are comic books here, but there is one thing lacking.
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african stories made by africans. tired of reading the stories of other people's cultures, malik after working in india's animation industry, now he's trying to make african mag animations. here they're working on the story of a young senegalese girl. she's in trouble for hanging out with kids in her neighborhood. turns out they're not so bad after all. the moral of the story, don't judge a book by its cover. >> it's not like fairy tales. it's just how to behave in this part of society. >> unlike western comic heroes, the characters are often shy and emotionally vulnerable. but they always rise to the occasion. the courage displayed in these timeless stories continues to feed children's imaginations no matter where they're from. al jazeera, dakar.
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>> if you want to find out more on these stories, log on to our website. the address www.aljazeera.com. where is scientists stay under the radar to conduct research. >> what if i told you that they were gmo strawberries. >> she'll show us the latest innovations. >> these tomatoes here are special tomatoes. >> and then we'll go inside the

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